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Winter home of the Snow Geese and one of Canada's top birdwatching sites.
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Northern Saw-whet Owl

During the winter months, the small Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus) is a favourite of Sanctuary visitors. Although there are a few sightings in October and November, this owl is usually regularly present between December and the end of March. Their numbers vary from year to year in response to their food supply. In the early 2013 for example, there were as many as ten seen on one day, then only a few in 2014, and a peak of nine in early 2015. In the 2016, so far the maximum count has been four of these small owls on any day.

Northern Saw-whet Owls hunt at night, then find dark sheltered spots to roost and sleep during the day. They prefer very specific branches in certain spots along Sanctuary trails as roosts. This is both good and bad, as it makes them easy to find, but they then tend to draw a lot of visitor attention and disturbance. They often roost under the low, drooping branches of our Douglas Fir trees, in Holly and Western Red-cedar trees, and sometimes in thickets of Blackberry or Hawthorne.

These owls are predators, and eat small birds and rodents such as the Townsend's Vole that they catch while hunting at night. If you are lucky, you may come across one with its prey still with it at the roost. They often catch a rodent early in the morning and do not eat the whole thing, sitting on a branch half-asleep with the rest of the body nearby. Sometime in the afternoon, they often wake up and eat the rest of their prey or may even regurgitate a "pellet" of fur and bones.

By late March, these small owls leave the Sanctuary for unknown destinations. The species is found across North America, but its migration patterns are not well understood, so we do not know for sure where our birds go when they leave here in spring. There are nest records for this species in the Okanagan Valley and the Olympic Peninsula in Washington State (USA). They may nest locally higher up in the coastal mountains. The Rocky Point Bird Observatory on Vancouver Island has banded thousands of Saw-whet Owls during fall migration studies, and there seem to be linkages from there all the way to north and central BC, but we do not have concrete information linking our own birds to any of these areas.

We have posted photos of this owl and other Sanctuary birds on Flickr.

Rules at Roosts

During the daytime, these small owls are trying to sleep, avoid larger predators and conserve energy. Please follow these rules when near an owl:

Stay on trails;

Please be quiet and avoid gathering in crowds at roosts;

Keep all arms and photo equipment 2 m from these birds;

Do not touch, modify or alter ANY aspect of the roost site "to see the bird better" or take a better photo;

Turn off the flash function on cameras and phones.



Owls eat their prey whole or in chunks torn off and swallowed without chewing. They can digest most body parts, but the fur, claws, skulls, beaks and bones are indigestible. These are compacted by their gizzard, then regurgitated as a hard pellet.

Owls make pellets about 6 to 10 hours after eating. Scientists have learned a great deal about the diets of owls by dissecting their pellets. Even a jaw or a skull of a rodent can be identified to a species.


An Odd Name

A whetstone is a natural stone used historically to sharpen knives and saws. Its made of fine quartz crystals and people would draw blades across it, making an odd screeching noise during the sharpening process. The Saw-whet Owl was given its name because of the similarity of its scratchy piping call to this noise.

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